Ego loqui ad viros super montes

SOTA Dinner

Shabu shabu is, for me, the taste of Japan. I could eat at a shabu shabu restaurant daily, and indeed have been accused of doing just that (it wasn’t daily, my colleague and I ate something different on the Wednesday). So Toru JH0CJH, JA Association Manager knew exactly where to book and we organised as usual to catch up with as many SOTA folks we could find.

This time, we had a smaller group, Toru, myself and Jun JI1IHV (who was present last SOTA dinner), and after a while his son joined, as well as Aki JM3NCT. The conversation as expected was SOTA related, along with jealousy about what foreigners pay for airfares and Shinkansen tickets, and lots of images of Toru hitting the beef or pork button again to order – 5 or 6 at a time, and mysterious drinks arriving about the same time I was due to finish my previous one.


Shabu shabu

There are now about 100 activators in Japan, and about 200 chasers, which is a
phenomenal amount of activity in Japan after around 2 years of being active.

A fun evening as always, and I look forward to the next time (at a Shabu Shabu restaurant).


Jun JH1IWV, Leo JI1UPL, me, Toru JH0CJH, Aki JM3NCT


13 Oct 2017 – JA5/KA-015 Kiyama

A work trip to Korea resulted in me yet again finding some cheaper airfares flying through Japan. This is because flying to Korea is somehow a very expensive flight, whether you go via Hong Kong or Sydney. Doing a round trip via Tokyo and back via Hong Kong can sometimes save a few hundred dollars, and as a model employee, finding those savings are always a good thing. The side benefit of being able to visit one of my favourite countries is merely a side benefit.

In Oct 2014 when we started looking at SOTA in Japan, I started to see country that was filled with beautiful mountains, varying tremendously depending on volcanic or seismic construction. It was logical then that I would want to see the full breadth and variety of Japan once it entered SOTA. The fact that there are four associations and I chase associations as part of Mountain Explorer means I had double incentive.

On my last trip through, I activated JA6 and JA, courtesy of cheap fare options, and this time around, I wanted to close out the list, doing JA5 and JA8. For JA5, I flew into Takamatsu, using Japan Airlines’ Welcome to Japan/Visit Japan fares, which allow cheap (~$100) airfares if you are a foreigner and arrive on a Oneworld itinerary (which I was). For JA8, I found a cheaper option again, to use the JR East Tohoku-South Hokkaido rail pass. Compared with the JAL airfares, they are about the same price, but you can use it on Narita Express services and around Tokyo as well, which meant I was certain to extract substantially more value out of it. It’s basically a Tokyo-and-North version of the Japan Rail Pass at a correspondingly cheaper price and no restrictions on services.

So, that meant I had means to get to where I wanted to get to, but which summits? The logical summits for JA5 are around Takamatsu and Tokushima. Both are about 1 hour from Tokyo Haneda, but Takamatsu has regular flights and more summits near the airport, which edges it out in my books. My second rule is to go for summits someone has already activated, guaranteeing there’s access (or an activation that needs removing 😉 ).


We climbed out of Tokyo in cloud and then cruised on top

I found JA5/KA-066 Jissoujiyama, which is about a 15 minute drive from the airport, had nearby parking (in a cemetery), and a visible path up on the GSI Japan maps. I emailed Sakaiさん, JG5JXW, who advised me against the summit, saying the path was overgrown, and recommending instead JA5/KA-064 Kamisayama, right next to -066, also with parking in a cemetery.


Landing between big mountains

Sakaiさん indicated he would potentially pick me up from the airport if he could get time off work, but this was not expected by me, as I was happy to organise a rental car. Instead, Sakaiさん organisec for Fukunoさん JF5VHW to pick me up, and suggested KA-015 Kiyama, as it was a drive up summit. At about a 45 minute drive, this wasn’t as close as the others, but eliminated a 30 minute walk, so it was all even anyway.

Japanese is not a language I speak fluently (unless you want me to order beer, food or hold grammatically-awkward conversations), and English is not a language that Fukunoさん speaks much at all – much less Australian accented and dialected English, but hospitality is a universal language, and Google Translate handles the rest. I arrived at Takamatsu airport on time, found Fukunoさん at the specified location and we headed out to Kiyama.

I’ll admit we struggled with conversation; Fukunoさん’s Japanese was very quick for me and though I tended to work out what he was saying, there was a lot of apologising and saying, “I’m sorry, I don’t understand” in Japanese (a phrase I am good with!).


The trig point


We arrived at Kiyama, and to save a (15 metre) walk, Fukunoさん paid scant regard to a wooden bollard blocking a cobbled path from the car park to the trig point and proceeded to mount the kerb and drive right up to the trig point. Unfortunately, the weather is a factor I can’t control, and we had low cloud that largely blocked the view. I set up with the travel pole attached to a wooden seat and the dipole stretched out between two signs. No one else arrived in the time we were there.


The station


The station

I jumped on 40m SSB and made two contacts after spotting, and then switched to CW, the new association, Number 23, in the bag. After RBNHole[/a] spotted me (the guy who wrote that software is a legend), I ended up with a bunch more people in the log and a pile-up of epic proportions. My ability to read callsigns from Japan is improving, but I had to do a number of repeats, but after JP1QEC was in the log, I had 4 and the point on offer for Kiyama. Another 9 people ended up in the log, from a number of different prefectures.

After a while, I switched back to SSB, as I found I couldn’t quite concentrate any more on pulling callsigns out of the pileup. No further SSB contacts were made.


Fukunoさん – JF5VHW

The rain swept in occasionally, and Fukunoさん graciously held an umbrella over the rig while I used a poncho to keep myself dry. The other side benefit of the rain was it cleared out the view a bit, and afterwards we were able to take a few decent photographs of the view. The drive up the mountain is quite spectacular until we ended up in the cloud, at which point it becomes a single-lane-did-I-book-travel-insurance kind of road.


The approach drive as the cloud cover dropped

On the way down, Fukunoさん was determined to show me the Great Seto Bridge from Takamatsu to the mainland, one of the longest bridges. The drive into Takamatsu took a bit longer than I’d hoped, and with bags to check I was getting nervous, but I had nothing to fear. Fukunoさん showed me the bridge (very impressive!) and then drove to the airport with scant regard for speed limits.


The long bridge. This doesn’t quite capture the scale of it, but it’s big

My flight out at 2pm was non-refundable, but we made it, even having time to divert for a very quick stop for some udon for lunch. They slapped the noodles into a bowl, we added soup, and we ate in under 2 minutes. This type of udon is called Bukkake Udon (no sniggering in the back there…). We drove like we were about to miss my flight (which was almost true), but arrived at the airport with about 25 minutes to spare.

I want to specifically thank Fukunoさん JF5VHW for unbelievable hospitality in driving me around – it was unexpected but gratefully received. And thank you too Sakaiさん for answering questions and organising Fukunoさん. This is the spirit of ham radio and of SOTA.

The flight was ultimately delayed by about 30 minutes, which meant I was OK, and after clearing security, boarded the flight and made it back Tokyo in time to phone the wife, provide remote technical support to the children (they didn’t want to talk about anything else), and then head to the SOTA Japan dinner. I took the opportunity to reserve a seat on the Shinkansen the next day for JA8, but the late flight and the phone call had prevented me from having too much of a look around Akihabara.


South East from summit


Looking North East from the summit


Western panorama


A sign explaining how the Seto Inland Sea formed

VK3/VE-126 Mount Stanley

A romantic weekend away with the wife is never complete without a bit of SOTA, and for once, I’m not being euphemistic. We went up to Beechworth, and the nearest summit, drive-up is Mt Stanley, VK3/VE-126.

I had about an hour, so set up quickly, worked 7 QSOs, and we headed back down for a dinner booking. Easy summit to activate if you are in the area!

No pictures of this one.

Rimutaka Trig ZL1/WL-054

A trip into New Zealand led to wanting to find a summit around Wellington to activate. I found two to the north east of the city off State Highway 2, both starting from Rimutaka Saddle. The first is along a pylon access track and relatively unmarked, the second is the path to the Rimutaka Trig.

My initial plans were to go to the summit on the access track, but by the time I arrived at the saddle, the cloud base was very low, and my ability to see the path, coupled with leaving the NZTopo maps I’d printed out behind, meant I was no longer comfortable with my journey. Instead, I opted for the easier path up to the top of Rimutaka Trig.


The Rimutaka Saddle car park map


Warning – extreme winds.


Easy sign to find


The walks available

I met one person coming down, but otherwise, the trip was a non-event, just a 20 minute slog up the track with a few switchbacks until you hit the top of the summit, where there is a bench seat and a trig point.

In order to reduce pack weight, I’d switched my linked dipole over to a smaller arrangement, using SMA connectors and RG-316, but had not had a chance to test it out. Sure enough, at the top of the hill, I couldn’t get a signal out on HF. Later fault tracing proved it was the SMA-to-PL259 adaptor, not the dipole itself.


The trig

I was forced instead to move to 2m FM, which yielded just two contacts, Warren ZL2AJ who was visiting Wellington himself on family business, and Ted ZL2JTD. Attempts to drum up contacts via the Belmont repeater were unsuccessful, but not due to a lack of trying by people in Wellington. The Rimutakas are shielded from Wellington directly, making it hard for simplex FM contacts.

However, I did get to qualify the summit for Mountain Explorer (VHF) status, and had a good chat with Warren and Ben ZL2BEN on the repeater on the way back down. I headed back, and having lunch in Petone, got a call from Wynne ZL2ATH, who offered to supply me with a dipole, which was much appreciated. We caught up on the foreshore, and I tried the summit Kaukau instead.

That was equally a bust – the wind had picked up by then and I came out onto the plateau and discovered I couldn’t actually walk forwards, the wind was that strong. Realising the universe was telling me something, I headed back down and back to Petone to hand Wynne back his dipole.

All up, no points, but a good bit of climbing and some nice contacts.

20 May 2017 – Flinders Peak – VK3/VC-030

This summit was an adjunct to a longer walk taken from Little River station back to my home in North Geelong – all up, 37km. Joining me on this walk was a work colleague, Alan, who met me at Little River station at about 7:30am. We set off towards the You Yangs, and about an hour later were at the entrance to the park on the eastern side.


Alan and I at Little River

We took a quick break, then took the Branding Yard track up to the Turntable, and climbed up the summit. There I broke out the 2m HT, and put out some CQ calls. THe plan was make it all happen quickly, and then head down. Instead, I got 3 in the log and a lot of questions. I worked Tony VK3CAT either side of rollover, but it was Glenn VK3YY at Mt Baw Baw that finally got me the 4 contacts and at 160km, was a great way to finish up.


Alan and I atop Flinders Peak

Once completed, we headed down the summit and out the park’s south entrance (the main one), and walked along Forest Road into Lara. I don’t recommend this approach, but it does end up at Rob’s Bakery, which I certainly recommend.


Pie number 1 at Rob’s Bakery. Pie number 2 is in the bag.

From there, we walked through the back streets of Lara to Bacchus Marsh Road (having to take a detour when roadworks blocked Heales Road, then down Bacchus Marsh Road to Princes Highway, where we took a sneaky KFC run.

The down the Princes Highway on the eastern side, crossing over at the Ford’s factory, across the railway tracks, and down by North Geelong station. We just missed a train, so Alan walked the kilometre or so home with me and we had a beer, before returning to the station and taking the train back to Little River.


A nice brew to finish

30 APR 2017 – Mt Toolebewong, Mt Donna Buang and Mt Gordon

Having not played SOTA since Korea, and having missed a few opportunities to do so, I resolved to spend a day out playing SOTA, and, if I was going to play SOTA, I was going to get some good points and maybe a few uniques in the process. I found a path that took me via Mt Toolebewong (VK3/VC-033), Mt Donna Buang (VK3/VC-002) and Mt Gordon (VK3/VN-027) for a total of 16 points, which would get me close to 300 points for Mountain Goat.

The SOTA gods appeared to be against me when I woke up at about 10 minutes to 5am, got up, abluted and then headed back to bed for an hour or so.  Needless to say, my ability to read clocks having just woken up is not my strong point – it was 6am, not 5am, and I ended up waking up at about quarter to 7 instead.  Given I’d set myself a departure time of 7 meant I was scrambling to make up time.  I got on the road at 7:15am, which makes me feel bad when I take an hour or more to get ready of a usual morning.

In any case, with an audio book playing in the car, SOTA gear in the back, I made good time and arrived at Mt Toolebewong not much later than I’d alerted.  I followed the instructions from Paul VK3HN on the SOTAwatch summits page to get to the location, set up, watched as my antenna fell down, and then set up again.  I had fairly high SWR on 40m, and found contacts thin on the ground.  I could hear Andrew VK1AD and Al VK1RX on Mt Wee Jasper (VK2/ST-017), and it was a struggle to work them, but they got in the log before rollover for the S2S points.

I switched to 20m after the rollover, and immediately got Alex VK4TE, who was chasing LGAs, but I couldn’t give him a new one.  After that, John ZL1BYZ and Jacky ZL1WA got in the log with their usual clear signal, before I worked Tony VK3CAT on 2m FM.  A switch back to 40m and a diagnosis of the SWR problem (one of the links is a bit dodgy after travelling around the world a few times), I got Andrew and Al again for more S2S points, and had a quick chat with some of the local residents who’d heard me working Tony and came up for a chat.

I packed up, and headed up to Mt Donna Buang.  Along the way, I had a conversation with Tony about access to Mt Vinegar, and decided discretion was the better part of valour and that I’d go with Mt Gordon instead, which proved to be a good idea anyway, as Nick VK3ANL later posted he’d found the track Tony had suggested as having a locked gate on it.

The drive to Mt Donna Buang from Healesville is along a well graded dirt road for the most part, although it is sealed in some sections, and this morning, with the sun streaming through the trees illuminating the low cloud, it was a very pretty drive.  I disturbed a lyrebird and two wallabies, before arriving at Mt Donna Buang and using the convenient picnic table I’ve always used when I’ve gone there.

With the SWR problem diagnosed, and fixed courtesy of an excess of duct tape, I could no longer easily work 20m, but 40 was much more alive now, and I got VK1, VK2, VK3, VK4, VK5 and VK7 into the log in under 20 minutes, and a move to 15m got John and Jacky again, and Tony on ground wave.  A quick stint back on 40m while waiting for Peter VK3PF to arrive at his summit got Steve VK7CW, before Peter jumped in from VK3/VE-033, to go with the earlier S2S with Andrew and Al (again) and Wade VK1FWBD on Mt Ainslie VK1/AC-040.

I packed up and headed to Mt Gordon along Acheron Way.  This was slower than I’d anticipated, but didn’t really impact my timings that much, and I reached the turn-off and sent the mighty Corolla up Mt Gordon Rd.  Recent rains had made the lower sections a bit slipper with loose stones which made the traction control light come on, something I hadn’t seen before, so I guess that’s another highlight.  I arrived at the top, parked the car off the road at the comms facility and set up.  There’s a few trees to set up on, but I tried jamming the squid pole into the ground and reinforcing with stones.  This resulted in the squid pole falling onto the fence of the comms facility.  I tried again, and it fell again, this time ripping out the coax from the dipole.

A small amount of MacGuyvering (well, jamming the centre conductor into the connector and duct taping it solid) meant I no longer was comfortable raising the dipole to its full height, so I just stretched it out about a meter off the ground, with one side just lying on the ground.  Needless to say, I made 13 QSOs with great signal reports, regardless of the state of the antenna.  A highlight was a S2S with Tony VK3CTM who responded to a half-hearted CQ on 2m with the news he was on Mt Alexander VK3/VN-016.  Peter VK3PF followed up from Mt Winstanley VK3/VE-036, making me grateful I’d left the radio on 40m while I tried 2m.  5 more contacts in 2 minutes wrapped up the session and I was done and heading home.

The trip home was easy enough, other than getting stuck behind a convoy of historical army vehicles, but once they pulled over to let the 2km of cars behind them past, it was straightforward.  16 points in total, which took me to 295 points.  My next aim was to pass 300.

VK Activator Stats – Part 3

Because it seems I have nothing better to do, and people are interested, I decided to dig a bit deeper into the retention/churn dimension discussed in the last post and continue the analysis started here. At some point I’ll actually get around to updating my blog with tales of my own activations, rather than data on everyone elses 😀

First, let’s define a new activator as someone who has their first activation in a particular year. Let’s then define an old activator as someone who has had their last activation in a particular year. By definition, this is taken at the end of the year, so for 2017, there are no old activators yet.


All VK new versus old activators

Unsurprisingly, there’s a big increase in new activators early in the SOTA program’s history in VK, and once we hit 2015, this rate slows down dramatically, and is overtaken by people who have, by our definition, ‘left SOTA’.

I acknowledge that a person who last activated in 2016 and hasn’t activated in 2017 yet will be counted as an old activator, but 7 months of inactivity isn’t an unrealistic definition, and so I am comfortable with the statistics as they currently stand.

From this, we can calculate net retention rates. I’ve chosen the new year as an arbitrary cutover date of our ‘subscription’, but while this analysis could be done for any particular date, I’m pretty happy the results will not dramatically change the analysis.

To calculate retention, we take the total number of activators last year, then calculate the total number of activators at the end of the next year. This is last year’s figure, plus the new activators this year, minus the old activators. We compare the ratio of this year to last year to get our retention rate.


Calculated retention rate over all VK

As can be seen, a steady decline, with a little bit of noise in the data. This one is probably the more concerning one for me given the long term trend. No analysis has been performed on why, but the original post speculates.

I was then asked by Grant VK4JAZ about splitting by association. This isn’t easy as people can change association, but based on their stated “Home Association” in the database, the stats are as follows:


Activators by year and home association for date of first activation


Activators by home assocation and year based on date of last activation

From these, and using the same methodology above, we can track, by VK association, the total number of active activators:


Total activator count – calculated as total activators last year, plus new activators this year minus old activators last year

This suggests that, apart from VK7, all associations have seen decreases in activators and activity since each association kicked off. It remains to be seen if this could be called a plateau, or if it’s a genuine decrease. The retention rate figures suggest its a decrease.

VK Activator Statistics – Part 2

Some further statistics (again just for VK activators) – firstly, time since last activation:


Time since last activation (in months)

This to me is a measure of how many ‘orphaned’ activators we have out there. Of all activators that have ever activated, over a third (36.5%) have activated something in the last 6 months. About the same percentage haven’t activated anything in over 2 years.

Some of those would have tried SOTA and not liked it, some may have been brought along for an activation and never got around to doing another. Some may have been active but fallen out of favour. I’m not aware of any SKs in the VK population at this point (touch wood).

Interestingly, there are spikes again, that seem to correspond to spikes in the First Activations graph from last post. This reinforces, to me at least, that these are likely of the “tried SOTA on the basis of an AR article, never did another one” flavour.

Next, we can examine the longevity of activators – how long between their first and last activations:


Time between first and last activations in months

Five activators have stayed activating over a period of 60 months (5 years), and the reverse of that is 84 people (32%) have only ever been active for 1 month (likely a single activation).

Over half of activators have been active for a period of less than a year. Note that this is not the same as saying people are unengaged – an activator that only started 6 months ago but is still racking up activations will be in this cohort, but given roughly half of the cohort are in the 0 months bucket, it’s fair to assume that most in the cohort are no longer active in SOTA, and fit into the third of people from above that haven’t activated anything in over 2 years.

In the language of business (and customer engagement) this is called churn. People who buy a product or subscription then don’t renew their access to it. For a business looking to grow, churn is a problem because it means that any churned customer has to be replaced with net new business – and, on top of that, if they churned, you probably don’t have a promoter of your product out there!

The immediate question any business has to ask when confronted with churn is not, what do we do about it, but what is our expected, natural, level of churn. 90% stay with us? 50%? 5%? It’s never going to be no churn. Once you establish what your natural level is, then targets can be set, and we understand how many new customers we’d need to bring in to continue to grow.

Stepping out of the business world and back into SOTA, our current growth rate seems to be about 12-15 net new activators a year (from the last post). Our current retention rate (the inverse of churn) is at least 42% (107 active in last 12 months of 249 ever active). Note the use of the word “at least”, because that definition of retention is not strictly accurate. Our growth rate on 107 activators is therefore a bit over 10%.

So, in my opinion, if we want to continue to keep activity levels up, we need to concentrate on why people do one activation and no more, and, the question then is, how do we encourage those folks to stay active in SOTA, and, for those who have already activated, what would it take to get back into SOTA?

(Disclaimer: views are mine, not the MT’s, but I think you knew that)

VK SOTA Activator statistics

An interesting discussion on SOTA_Australia about perceived declining SOTA activity prompted this question from Paul VK3HN, and my response below

The correlation between Yahoo group messages and SOTA related activity can obviously be challenged — it could be the popularity of this group has waned but the number of activations has not. A more telling analysis would be to report on SOTAWatch alerts by VKs per month over the previous 5 years. Anyone care to do that?

Straight from the horse’s database, we have activation counts grouped by month (where callsign starts with VK or AX):


Number of VK activations each month

and as a measure of how many new people are coming in, this is the monthly count of activators for whom this is their first activation in the database (again, where callsign starts with VK or AX):


First time activators

The first definitely shows a bell curve, complete with peaks at the New Year UTC rollover point. As people say, this is most likely correlated to sunspot cycle, but also I imagine that the early adopters aren’t getting out as much. Personally, I feel like I’ve hardly done any activating this year – most of my SOTA this year has been IT related!

The second graph is more important and that shows that the rate of new activators joining is only slightly down on the overall trend, with a few peaks probably associated with AR articles or the like. Interestingly, October last year was the only month where there wasn’t at least one new activator in VK. That’s suggests there’s still life in the old nag yet.

Equivalent chaser graphs could be generated of course, and I’ve not done detailed scrutiny on the veracity of the numbers, but a quick check seems sane.

02 APR 2017 – Yongmasan HL/SL-003

Back to Seoul, and this time I organised to catch up with Jason HL4ZFA and to tackle a meatier summit than our usual Ansan/Guryongsan options. Once again, my ex-colleague Hwanii came along as driver, in return for fried chicken and beer as payment. He graciously picked me up from the airport at 0-dark-hundred hours, and we headed off for breakfast. As we drove, I discovered Hwanii had been suffering from food poisoning; not good for our planned summit HL/SL-012, which was a long and hard climb.

We arranged to meet Jason at Central City station, where we discussed our options. Jason suggested Yongmasan HL/SL-003, to the north east of Seoul, a 1 pointer at 348m. There is a car park at the base, as well as a subway station near by. We parked, headed north onto a loop track heading clockwise, and started our ascent.

Yongmasan trail map. The summit is the large red and black dot.

Starting steps to the summit

It rapidly became clear that Hwanii wasn’t really in a good enough state for the climb. We took it slow, and he opted to hang back and catch up, but eventually, halfway up, as we stopped at a lookout, he realised he wasn’t going to be much cop, so decided to descend back to the car. Jason and I continued.

Seoul from first lookout

About two thirds of the way up is a Joseon-era beacon tower – fires were lit to warn of impending attacks – where we stopped again. These towers are dotted all around Seoul; some on SOTA summits (there’s one on Ansan HL/SL-008), others, like this one, are not.

Azaleas in bloom

Jason by the tower

Tower history

Eventually, we made the top of the summit, marked by a trig point, survey marker and Korean summit marker. At 348m, it’s the same height as my local summit, Flinders Peak. While not as busy as other summits in Seoul, there were still a fair few people about, so we set up to the north of the trig point, but that meant I had to orient my dipole in not the best direction for Australia, Japan and basically anywhere. SWR was fine on 20m, but not so good on 15m or shoehorned onto 17m.

Trig point

See, I was there.

Survey mark

Jason jumped on 2m, while I started on 20m SSB, getting two contacts into Japan quickly enough. Keeping a running eye on SOTAWatch allowed me to try for S2S’ with others, so I switched to 15m to try to work VK. I heard nothing on SSB, but switching to a JA activator’s frequency allowed me to hear a VK station, although I was in the skip zone for the JA. I spotted again, and after a while, I heard John VK6NU come back to me clearly, even though he wasn’t troubling the meter much. After a bunch of effort – John having trouble hearing me – I managed to get my 319 report and give John his report, we confirmed, and I had 3 in the log.

Numerous experiments on 15m and 17m just wouldn’t get me a path back to VK, although VKs were working JA. A combination of higher than normal SWR and poor antenna orientation couldn’t have helped. I even tried with the Buddistick, which, despite making the journey last time I was on Ansan, didn’t make it this time. Eventually, I jumped back to 20m CW, and tried to get a fourth contact.

By this stage, Jason had found a 2m slim jim in my pack, which he was putting to good use, finishing with 6 contacts on 2m. It sounded a lot more, but he explained that SOTA QSOs in Korea are much longer affairs than in Australia.

After a while, I managed to get my fourth contact, a S2S with JF1NDT/1 on JA/KN-021. I wrapped up the activation with another S2S with JL1NIE/1 on JA/KN-020, and a tough QSO with JO1IAU/1, with 219 sent back to him after about 10 minutes trying to get a callsign.

Panorama to the south

We descended down the southern part of the track, the more common approach route. There are steps on this side and it’s a nicer descent (and probably climb up). On our way down, we encountered a better Hwanii ascending. He no longer looked like he was dying, although he was still struggling a little bit. He turned around rather than reach the top, and we headed back down for lunch and check-in for me.

Descending the track